VEGETATION OF HIMACHAL PRADESH

VEGETATION OF HIMACHAL PRADESH

Vegetation types:

1.TROPICAL VEGETATION

-between 900m to 1100m elevation

-mainly dominating in SHIVALIK and Lesser Himalayan Range

-It Consist of –

         -Mixed deciduous Tree’s. 

         -Moist deciduous Tree’s. 

Example :- Sal,Khahir, kikar,phulai etc are common species.

2.SUB TROPICAL VEGETATION :-

– Mainly found on lower Himalayan

ranges elevation of 1100 -1800m

-It consists of-

     -Sub tropical Pine forest

     -Sub tropical dry evergreen

Examples- Sal, shisam and sarin are economically valuable trees of the lower elevation and chir-pine are common trees present.

3.MIDDLE TEMPRATE VEGETATION REGION(1400-3500m)- 

-it is spatial spread in Chamba,Kangra, Mandi, whole Shimlaland kullu district.

It consists of-

A. Wet temperate forest –

 -it is intermixed with chirpine and deodar mainly confined to wet mountain slopes of Dalhousie, Dharamshala, kangra and Palampur along with Dhauladhar mountain range.

B. Moist deodar and kail forest –

-it is valuable timber forest of

Shimla,kotgarh,Narkanda, Nahan, kullu-sreaj and Chamba and Churah

-Hazel-nut,maple, Chilgoza-pine ash etc are important tree.

-Ecologically and economically these tree forest are of great significance as they supply valuable timber.

4.ALPINE VEGETATION REGION-

– Spatial existence in northern and northeastern part of state. Alpine grasses and meadows are the main constituent of this natural biomes.

A. Sub alpine vegetation :- 

-elevation 3500 to 4000m

-kharsu and birch are the main species of this sub group.

-Moist scrub forest are available above the limit of tree growth (i.e 4000m), they are consist of mostly evergreen trees

-The moist vegetation consist of shrubby component meadows with a variety of colourful flowers and herbs.

B. Dry alpine/alpine vegetation:-

-elevation above 4000m

– Found generallyh in kinnaur, Lahaul spiti and pangi area of state.

-The existence of alpin pastures and meadows are characteristiics feature of this forest type.

-The grass lands are frequently exploited for grazing by migratory herdsmen of sheep and goats in summers and snow during winters..