✓One of India’s most popular hill resorts, Shimla is the state capital of Himachal Pradesh.
✓The town named after goddes Shyamla, grew out of the turmoils of the Gurkha wars after 1815-1816.
✓In 1822, a large house built in the village Shyamla by Captain Charles Kennedy led to this 12 km crescent shaped ridge to be occupied by the British people and troops.
✓In 1864 this small village became the summer capital of British India under the viceroyship of Sir John Lawrence.
✓The town has a close connection with India’s freedom movement for it was here that A.O. Hume laid the foudation for Indian National Congress to spreahead the struggle against the British empire may have ceased to exist, but its echoes linger on in the architechture and ambience of this hill station.
B} INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED STUDIES ( IIAS )
✓Earlier known as the ‘Viceregal Lodge’, located on the Observatory Hill, this magnificent English renaissance structure was built in 1884 Ito 1888 A.D during the vicereoyship of Lord Dufferin. ✓It was designed by Henry Irwin. ✓It used to be the abode of Vicereoys and Presidents of India till Dr. S. Radha Krishnan in 1965 handed it over to establish the IIAS for conducting higher research.
C} H.P.STATE MUSEUM
✓H.P. State museum,building called ‘Inverarm’ is located at Chaura Maidan, Shimla.
✓Opened on January 26, 1947.
✓It houses ancient historical sculptures, artistic Pahari miniatures, coins and archeological artifacts.
D} JAKHU HILL
✓This is the highest peak in Shimla. ✓The summit is crowned with a temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman.
✓Legend says that the landing of Hanuman ji while searching for Sanjivini Herb to cure mortally wounded Lakshman on the battle field in Lanka, flattend the hill.