GS 2 : DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES, MAJOR POLITICAL PARTIES AND THEIR SUPPORT BASE AND PERFORMANCE IN THE ASSEMBLY AND PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION IN HIMACHAL PRADESH
✓In January, 1977 Dr. Y.S Pamar, the first chief minister of Himachal Pradesh, stepped down at the instance of the Central Leadership.
✓The Youth wing of the Congress Party had emerged powerful and Thakur Ram Lal of Jubbal became the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh for the first time on January 28, 1977.
✓General Election to the Lok Sabha held in March, 1977.
✓The election resulted the victory of Janata Party, chaired by Morarji
Desai, who became the Prime Minister of India for the first time.
✓This was the first time in the political history of India that a non-Congress Govemment was formed in the Centre.
✓As a result of change in Govemment at the Centre, for seeking fresh mandate, the Congress led State Government in Himachal Pradesh was dissolved and the President Rule (under Article 356 of Constitution) was imposed for the first time in Himachal Pradesh on April 30, 1977.
✓The State remained under the President Rule till May 21, 1977. ✓Mr.J.Kamath, IAS was appointed Advisor to the then Governor of Himachal Pradesh, Aminuddin Ahmad Khan.
✓Elections to the fourth Vidhan Sabha were held in June, 1977. ✓Subsequently the Janata Party was voted to thumping majority having won 54 seats out of the total 68 seats.
✓The Congress Party had secured only 9 seats while 5 seats were won by Independent candidates.
✓The Governor Aminuddin Ahmad Khan administered oath of office to Sh. Shanta Kumar on June 22,1977, who became the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh for the first time.
✓This also resulted in the formation of first non-Congress Government
in Himachal Pradesh.
✓Having claimed several achievements by the Janata Government, its failure on the legislative and administrative fronts proved to be heavier enough to tilt the balance against it.
✓The Janata Party could not remain united for long.
✓Its split in 1979 is a testimony to its factionalism and in-fighting for power
and position. ✓Bhartiya Jan Sangha(BJS) which was one of its constituent adopted a new name Bhartiya Janata Party(BJP) in 1980 and remained in power.
✓Its fall came earlier than it could be foreseen and it collapsed under its own weight before it could complete its full term.
✓In February, 1980, the Congress (I) returned to power after 30 months of Janata Government regime.
✓Thakur Ram Lal was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh, for the second time,on February 14,1980.
✓On May 19,1982 election were held for the fifth Vidhan Sabha and Congress(I) secured the majority by getting 31 seats.
✓Thakur Ram Lal became chief minister of Himachal Pradesh,for the third time.
✓Inspite of the overall progressive policies of the chief minister illegal forest fellings ,which allegedly said to have involved some close relatives of the chief minister consequently made him to step down from power.
✓However, he was appointed as the Governor of Andhra Pradesh. ✓On April 8,1983, Virbhadra Singh, who was then the Member of Parliament, took over as the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh for the first time.
✓Fifth Vidhan Sabha could not complete full term of five years and Himachal Pradesh Assembly had to go on for mid-term elections in 1985.
✓In the sixth Vidhan Sabha election Congress(I) party led by Virbhadra
Singh came into power with a thumping majority by securing 58 seats in the Assembly.
✓On March 8,1985 Virbhadra Singh, was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh for the second time.
✓The Congress government had a successful tenure.
✓But as in the past, state politics got influenced by the national politics towards the end of the term of the sixth Vidhan Sabha.
✓Seventh Vidhan Sabha election were held on February 27,1990 and BJP came back strongly by securing 46 seats in the assembly while Congress(I) won only 9 seats.
✓Shanta Kumar was sworn in as the Chief Minister of the state, for the second time, on March 5,1990.
✓On account of Babri Masjid demolition at Ram Janam Bhumi, Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh on the pretext of Kar Seva, the BJP led State govermment in Himachal Pradesh was dissolved on December 15,1992 and the President Rule(under Article 356 of Constitution)was imposed for the second time in the State.
✓Eighth Vidhan Sabha election were held on November 9,1993.
✓Congress came to power with an impressive victory over BJP winning 52 of the total 68 assembly seats.
✓ On December 3,1993, Virbhadra Singh was sworn-in as the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh for the third time.
✓To sought simultaneously Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha elections under the persumed favourable political scenario in the state, V.S.Ramadevi, the Governor of Himachal Pradesh, on the recommendation of council of ministers of Virbhadra Singh, dissolved the Vidhan Sabha (under the article 174-2b of the Constitution) on December 24, 1997.
✓During the ninth Vidhan Sabha election held on February 28,1998, BJP under the leadership of Prem Kumar Dhumal formed the government with the support of Pt.Sukh Ram led Himachal Vikas Congress(HVC).
✓Prem Kumar Dhumal became the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh for the first time on March 24, 1998.
✓Election to the tenth Vidhan Sabha were held in March 2003 and Congress
came to power and Virbhadra Singh was sworn-in as the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh for the fifth time on March 6, 2003.
✓Virbhadra Singh holds the record of serving as the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh for maximum number of times.
✓The 2005 winter session of Himachal Pradesh Vidhan Sabha, held from
December 26 to December 29, 2005, was a historic one as it was the first time that Vidhan Sabha met outside Shimla and this session was held at Prayas Bhawan in Dharamshala.
✓In the eleventh Vidhan Sabha elections, held in December 2007, BJP secured a landslide victory by winning 41 seats in the assembly while Congress secured only 23 seats.
✓Prem Kumar Dhumal was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh for the second time on December 30, 2007.
✓In the twelth Vidhan Sabha elections, held in November 2012, Congress came back to power by winning 36 seats in the assembly while BJP secured only 27 seats.
✓Virbhadra Singh was sworn-in as the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh for the record sixth time on December 25, 2012.
✓In the twelth Vidhan Sabha elections, held in November 2017.
✓The Congress party has projected its current Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh as its Chief Ministerial candidate for the elections.
✓BJP announced Prem Kumar Dhumal as their Chief Ministerial candidate ✓Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won 44 seats, Indian National Congress (INC) won 21, BJP had a clear majority.
✓ But Prem Kumar Dhumal lost his seat from Sujanpur constituency.
✓Eventually the BJP made Jai Ram Thakur the Chief Minister who won from the Seraj constituency.
✓ Jai Ram Thakur is currently serving as the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh