DANCES AND DRAMAS OF HIMACHAL PRADESH PART-1

DANCES AND DRAMAS OF HIMACHAL PRADESH PART-1

Himachal pradesh is known for its cultural Diversity & in this article we will discuss about Different Dances and Dramas Of Himachal Pradesh

DANCES OF KINNAUR DISTRICT

1.Mala or Garland Dance

The Mala dance is one of the most popular dance in Himachal. In this, the dancers are dressed in their traditional finery, weave their arms together to form a sort of a crisscross pattern in order to appear like beads in a woven garland

2.Losar Shona Chuksam

Celebrated as New year of Tibetan people.

3.The Demon (Rakshasa) Dance or Chhamb

– In Kinnaur it is also known as Lama
Devi Dance or Devil Dance. It is performed only by the lamas in the monasteries.
The masks are made after many imaginative figures of monsters, Beasts, Dragons, Devil spirits and Skeletons
– Dressed in their dragon costumes they follow the dance steps of the leader called ”Ghure” .
-it is dedicated to “Tantrik Budhhism”

4.The Bakayang-

In this dance, there are two or three rows of dancer facing each other and in  there are forward and backwards steps.

This is mostly performed by women.

5.The Bayangchu –

It is a male dance. Woman sometimes provides vocal music from outside.

6.The Jataru Kayang (kinnaur)-

This is a group dance performed at festivals.

7.The Japro Dance-

-performed in Hangrang valley of kinnaur —Performed at all important festivals.

8.The Kayang-

In this dance men and women form a semicircle with a musician in the centre the dance goes for hours.

There are 3 types of this dance:

The Naga Kayang: which copies the movement of a snake.

The Heri Kayang: faster in tempo and danced to romantic songs.

The shuna Kayang: combined with slow and fast movements.

9.Namagen-

-Performed to celebrate the autumn hue in the month of September.

Other important dances performed in Kinnaur region Shon,Gyukshon, Katakapa, Shabra, Shumgyak, Yando–Mando, Rekshung, Yulba, Lushen, Tali-Lamo, Tinger, Laka-kurchi-Cheja and Monshu.

DANCES OF LAHAUL-SPITI

1.The Shand and Shabu dances

-These are two dances of budhists,
performed in the memory of Budha.
– Shand means song or prayer of Buddha.
-Shabu dance depicts the feelings of the
people.
– On the eve of ‘New year’ a dance is acted
by the lamas in the courtyard of a
monastery belonging to sect of ‘yellow
hats’, Which was founded by Tasong-
Kha-Pa (1357-1419)

2.Lang-Dar-Ma

This is well known masked dance lasting several hours. Featuring
the murder of the evil king lang-dar-ma.
– The history of Tibet records that Ral-pa-cen who ruled from
815-835AD was a Buddist.
– He built many monasteries, followed and preached Indian Buddhism.
– Buddhism was severely attacked by the Lang-dar-ma, the elder
brother of Ral-pa-cen. The king Ral-pa-cen was murdered by his opponents and power was seized by the evil king, in 836 AD.
Later Lang-Dar-ma was killed by one Buddhist.
– This is a dance drama.
– ‘Black hat’ dance ‘Red tiger’ dances of pre Budhist origin.

2.Shunto

is danced by men to a song in praise of Budha.

3.Chhanak chhaam

– Performed every three years on festival known as Chakhar as
a tribute to lord budha.
– Chhanak is a headgear worn by the dancers. Dancers covers
half of their face with black cloth and carry swords or knives in
their hands.
– The musicians wear traditional dress of the lamas, with caps
decked with yellow feathers and play a long pipe known as ‘Tangchim’ and drums known as Ghhan.
Lahauli dance: Is performed on the tunes of the musical instruments of Ladakh, known as Surna

OTHER DANCES 

1.Dalshone and Cholamba

-The Dalshone and Cholamba dance forms belong to the Ropa valley.
– The pattern formed by the dancers seems to resemble coiled serpents.
-Cholamba is generally performed when a tiger is killed. The dead animal’s skin is stuffed and a  gold ornament is put in

2.Cholamba Dance : 

It is one of the oldest-known dance forms in the state. As per locals, it is said to have been in existence for centuries. It is a unique dance form which is performed after the killing of a tiger. During its celebration, the skin of the animal is stuffed and its nose is decorated with gold ornaments.