CONSTITUTIONAL, ADMINISTRATIVE & POLITICAL HISTORY

✓Himachal Pradesh came into being as a Centrally Administered Chief Commissioner’s provice on April 15, 1948.
✓It was made by integrating 26 Shimla hill States and 4 Punjab hill states (a total of 30 erstwhile Princely States) with its
headquarter in the historic building of British India Foreign Office
at Shimla.
✓At that time there were four districts viz      A) Chamba
B) Mahasu
C) Mandi
D) Sirmour
with an area of 27018 sq km and
population was 9,35000.
✓ The districts of Chamba & Simour
comprised of the areas of the erstwhile princely states Chamba
and Sirmour respectively.
✓Mandi district was formed by merging
the erstwhile princely states of Mandi and Suket
✓Mahasu district was formed by the integration of 26 Shimla Hill States.
✓Sh. N.C Mehta was appointed as the first Chief -Commissioner
✓E.P Moon as the first vice- Chief Commissioner,
✓The Chief Commissioner was aided and advised in the discharge of his functions by an Advisory Council (established
on September 30, 1948) consisting of Nine members,three of
whom represented the erstwhile princely states and six being
public representatives.
✓ But the Council was mererly an advisory body and had no real powers. ✓Due to wide spread resentment
against the bureaucratic rule a constitutional battle was waged
for democratisation of administration in these centrally administred areas. ✓Consequently, Vide Section 3 of the Govt. of India Part ‘C’states Act, 1951 passed in September 1951
Himachal Pradesh was designated as a Part ‘C’ state.
✓Chief Commissioner was replaced by Lieutenant Governor.
✓On March 1,1952 Major General Himmat Singh was appointed as the first
Lt. Governor of the state.
✓First general election to the 36 member H.P. Legislative Assembly were held in November 1951.
✓Congress emerged as the majority party with 24 seats.
✓On March 24,1952. Dr. Y.S
Parmar became first Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh.
Theother two ministers were Pt. Padam Dev and Gauri Prasad.
✓On July I,1954 Part ‘C’ state Bilaspur was merged with Himachal
Pradesh.
✓It became 5th district of Himachal Pradesh and the area of the state increased to 28185 sqkm.
✓The strength or Legislative Assembly also raised to 41.
✓On December 29 ,1953 the States Reorganization Commission was appointed under the Chairmanship of Justice Fazil Ali, and its two members were Dr. K.M. Pannikar and H.N.
Kunjru.
✓The Commission recommended the merger of Himachal Pradesh with Punjab by a majority verdict of two against one
vote.
✓It was the Commission’s Chairman Faizal Ali, who desired H.P. to be kept separate for development purposes for some
years.
✓ Finally with the pioneering efforts of Dr. Y.S. Parmar Himachal Pradesh became the Union Territory on November 1, 1956 and was placed under an administrator designated as Lt. Governor.
✓Sh. Bajrang Bahadur Singh was appointed as the Lt. Governor.
✓Himachal Pradesh remained as Union Territory from November1,1956 to January 25, 1971.
✓The formation of Union Territory led to the abolition of Legislative Assembly and under the Union Territories Act, 41 membered Territorial Council was set-up in December 1956.
✓The Territorial Council was a body corporate and the major part of administration was with the Lt. Governor. ✓Council could administer only the departments of Health, Education, Animal
Husbandary but only upto the district level besides controlling the village roads. ✓In May-June 1957, election were held for the Territorial Council and Congress won the majority.
✓On August 15, 1957 Thakur Karam Singh of Mandi was elected as the Chairman of the Territorial Council.
✓Under the Union Territories Act, 1963, H.P.Territorial Council was converted
into the Legislative Assembly.
✓The strength of the Assembly was
fixed at 43 including 2 nominated members.
✓With this democratic set up was restored and popular Ministry again installed.
✓On July1,1963. Dr. Y.S. Parmar became the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh for the second time. The other two minister
were Thakur Karam Singh & Hari Dass.
✓The people of punjab hill areas having received minimal attention for their needs from the plains oriented Government of
punjab and the looking with admiration at the progress made by Himachal on account of the advantage of having its own Govt.
✓In 1965, the poeple punjab hill areas strongly demanded their integration with Himachal Pradesh.
✓A parliamentary committee,
headed by Hukum Singh, then speaker of Lok Sabha, was constituted which favoured the demand of Punjabi Suba and it was conceded in March 1965.
✓On the the recommendation of the Punjab Boundary Commission under the chairmanship of J.C. Shah.
✓ Punjab was reorganised into separate states of Punjab and Haryana.
✓With the reorganization of Punjab Hill Areas on November 1,1966 four more Districts of Kangra, Kullu, Lahaul-Spiti, Shimla along with the Nalagarh area of Ambala District and parts of Una tehsil of Hoshiarpur District and Dalhousie and Bakloh of Gurdaspur District, were integrated with Himachal Pradesh.

✓Now the total geographical area of Himachal Pradesh increased by 96% to 55,673 Sqkm and the number of districts
increased from six to ten and the population was 28.12 Lac,
according to 1961 census.
✓With the merger of new areas into
Himachal Pradesh, the number of members in the Vidhan Sabha
rose to 56 including 2 nominated.
✓The strength of the house was
further raised to 63 (60 elected and 3 nominated) after section 24 (3) of Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966 came into force in 1967.
✓In February, 1967 election were held for 60 elective seats of the Legislative Assembly and Congress emerged as the leading party with 37 seats.
✓On March 14, 1967 Dr. Y.S. Parmar was
sworn in the Chief Minister of H.P. for the third time.
✓On January 24, 1968 Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly passed an unanimous resolution demanding the status
of full fledged State for Himachal Pradesh.
✓On July 31, 1970
the bill for the grant of statehood was introduced in the Union
Parliament.
✓Parliament of India passed the ‘State of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970’ on December 18, 1970.
✓On January 25,1971 first woman Prime Minister of India Mrs. Indira Gandhi on Girija Maidam (now known as The Ridge)
in Shimla, inaugurated the Himachal Pradesh as the 18th state
of the Union of India.
✓Areawise it became the 14th state of India. Sh. S.Chakarvarti was appointed as the first Governor of Himachal Pradesh.