POLITICAL PARTIES IN HIMACHAL PRADESH SINCE 1948

POLITICAL PARTIES IN HIMACHAL PRADESH SINCE 1948

MAJOR POLITICAL PARTIES IN HIMACHAL PRADESH 

 

1.CONGRESS

-It is major political party of Himachal pradesh   

-in Himachal Pradesh, it was founded in 1948, with the conversion of Praja Mandals into Congress Committees. Since the Praja Mandals were strong in Simla Hills, the party therefore continues to be strong in these areas even today..

 

2.BHARTIYA JAN SANGH

In Himachal Pradesh a separate State unit of Jana Sangh was set up on 1 November 1966 after reorganisation of Punjab .

 Since the Janata Party government led by Shri Shanta Kumar in Himachal Pradesh was virtually a Jana Sangh government, its performance during its short rule (1977-80) came as a big help to the Bharatiya Janata Party in the subsequent elections. In Himachal Pradesh therefore the Bharatiya Janata Party has emerged as the second largest party and the politics in Himachal Pradesh has been polarised around a typical two-party system.

 

3.CPI

The development of the CPI in Himachal Pradesh can be traced to a Political Conference organised by the Kisan Sabha at Bhangroto (Mandi) in April, 1951. The establishment of the Himachal Pradesh Communist Party took place in January 1953 and had been raised to the status of State Party in 1961. Because of ideological consideration, the Communist Parties have concentrated on winning the confidence of poor peasants and working class of Himachal Pradesh. The bases of support of both the Communist Parties in Himachal Pradesh are almost the same. On the whole, these parties are not popular in Himachal Pradesh and have occasionally won a seat or two.

 

4.KISAN MAJDOOR PARTY

It was major party in opposition in 1952 election in Himachal Pradesh. It contested for 22 seats and manage to win 3 seats and later on it disappeared from political history of Himachal Pradesh

 

5.S.C FEDERATION

It was also one of the major party during 1952 election. It won only 1 seat in First assembly election in Himachal Pradesh

 

6.LOK RAJ PARTY HIMACHAL PRADESH OR PEOPLE’S RULE PARTY HIMACHAL

PRADESH

 -this party come into being in the beginning of the 1970s.it was

led by Thakur Sen Negi, formerly leader of the Samyukt Vidhayak Dal in

the state and former congress leader J.B.L.Khachi, the party contested

1972 state assembly election. In the 1972 election LRP had put up

candidates in 16 out of 68 constituencies, two were elected.

 

7.HIMACHAL VIKAS CONGRESS 

 It was founded by pt. Sukh Ram when he split from the Indian National Congress. In 2004 HVC merged with

congress.

 

8.HIMACHAL KRANTI PARTY

 It is also known as Himalayan Revolutionary Party. 

It was formed after the 1998 state assembly election, when two Himachal

1952-1957 Vikas Congress member of the assembly Mansa Ram and Prakesh

Chaudhary, split to form HPK and HPK merged with BJP IN 1999.

 

9.LOKTANTRA MORCHA 

This party was registered as apolitical party in 2003. It

is led by Mohinder Singh Chaudhary former member of Himachal Vikas

 

10.HIMACHAL SWABHIMAN PARTY

Founded by Govindcharya in 2011 and took part in Assembly election and this party got no seat

 

11.HIMACHAL LOKHIT PARTY-

Founded in 2012 and led by Maheshwar Singh and some other members like Mahender nath sofat and Shyama Sharma. In 2016 some member joined BJP and some joined other parties