THE KULUTA AND KULINDAS

THE KULUTA

-The territory of the Kulutas was located in the upper Beas valley, now known as the Kullu valley.
-The state capital was Naggar on the Beas.
-The Kuluta is mentioned in the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, the Bhrampuran, the Markandeya Purana and the Brihat Samhita. Bhrampuran has a chapter on Kullu as Kulutapitha Mahatmya.
-The Kulutas were close to the Audambaras. Kautilya called Kuluta Rajsubdin Sangh. Megasthenes also mentioned people named Colubae who were Kulutas.
-Unique copper coin of the Kulutas bears the name of Virayasasya Rajna Kulutasya’ (the Kuluta king Virayasa).

THE KULINDAS

– The Kulindas (or Kunindas) was referred in the Mahabharata as Arjuna conquered Them -they were also mentioned in Vishnu Purana, Vayu Purana and Markandeya Purana.
-The Kulindas lived between the Beas, Sutlej, Ganga and Yamuna rivers, between the plains of Ambala and Saharanpur and from Kangra to Kumaon.
– The Kulindas was also mentioned by Ptolemy (e 140 AD) in his book “Geographika‘.
– The Kulindas were independent and issued copper and silver coins. The coins furnished one name, i.e. King Amoghabhuti written in Brahmi and Kharosthi script. He ruled most probably during the later half of the 1st century BC.
-When the Sakas invaded Punjab, the Kulindas were defeated and lost their independence. The Kulindas had a republican form of administration.
-All the members of the tribal assembly were called “Rajas’ and the President of the Chief of the house was called ‘Maharaja’. The copper coinage was used for local circulation and had Brahmi script.
-From the silver coinage, we can infer that they were fairly prosperous.The silver coins which were likely to travel beyond the home territories, had Kharosthi script on them.